Articles | Volume 66, issue 3
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Characteristics of meat production traits in the Hungarian Simmental herd selected for the simultaneous improvement of milk and meat production
József Péter Polgár
Institute of Animal Sciences, Georgikon Campus, Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Keszthely, Hungary
Department of Animal Sciences, Albert Kázmér Faculty of Mosonmagyaróvár, Széchenyi István University, Győr, Hungary
Institute of Animal Sciences, Georgikon Campus, Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Keszthely, Hungary
Association of Hungarian Simmental Breeders, Bonyhád, Hungary
Related subject area
HusbandryPrediction of reproductive performance of ewes based on the early production data, ewe birth rank, dam age, and dam birth rankThe effects of novel electrical teat dipping on some mastitis parameters in dairy herdsEvaluation of semen parameters from Fleckvieh–Simmental bulls and the influence of age and season of collectionThe role of miR-369-3p in proliferation and differentiation of preadipocytes in Aohan fine-wool sheepSelection signature analysis reveals RDH5 performed key function in vision during sheep domestication processEffect of oxytocin added into sperm on artificial insemination in sheepEvaluation of the application opportunities of precision livestock farming (PLF) for water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) breeding: SWOT analysisScreening of three-way crossbred combination and genetic effect analysis of the SNP in the CLPG gene in meat sheepThe effect of different management systems on milk yield and milk quality in Awassi sheepImmune mechanisms, resistance genes, and their roles in the prevention of mastitis in dairy cowsFatty acid profile and sensory properties of lamb meat from males of five indigenous breedsParentage testing and looking for single nucleotide markers associated with antler quality in deer (Cervus elaphus)The comparative results of myostatin introgression from donor Texel to recipient Ramlıç sheep with the aspects of growth, pre-, and post-slaughter carcass traits in the second backcross generationThe effects of stocking density on slaughter performance and some meat quality parameters of Pekin ducksEffects of varying group sizes on performance, body defects, and productivity in broiler chickensThe effects of restrictive measures due to the COVID-19 pandemic on the extensive farming system of small ruminantsComparison of porcine milk microRNA expression in milk exosomes versus whole swine milk and prediction of target genesExpression and distribution of EPHA4 and Ephrin A3 in Aohan fine-wool sheep skinSingle-nucleotide polymorphisms in FLT3, NLRP5, and TGIF1 are associated with litter size in Small-tailed Han sheepGenotype–environment interaction in layer chickens in the growing stage: comparison of three genotypes at two different feeding levels with or without red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) infestationReproductive performance of indigenous Lao pigs reared by small-scale farmers in northern provinces of LaosQuality traits and fatty acid composition in meat of Hair Goat and Saanen × Hair Goat (G1) crossbred kids fattened in different systemsMitigation of sterigmatocystin exposure in cattle by difructose anhydride III feed supplementation and detection of urinary sterigmatocystin and serum amyloid A concentrationsHerd clustering strategies and corresponding genetic evaluations based on social–ecological characteristics for a local endangered cattle breedUnintended consequences of selection for increased production on the health and welfare of livestockThe effect of rearing conditions during the milk-fed period on milk yield, growth, and maze behaviour of dairy cows during their first lactationDetermining the factors affecting the gestational length in sheepThe effects of plastic slatted floor and a deep- litter system on the growth performance of hybrid Pekin ducksProduction performance and survivability of six dual-purpose breeds of chicken under smallholder farmers' management practices in NigeriaEffects of organic zinc on the performance and gut integrity of broilers under heat stress conditionsThe effects of soy oil, poultry fat and tallow with fixed energy : protein ratio on broiler performanceEffects of genotype and fattening system on the quality of male lamb meat – Part 1: Technological properties and carcass measurementsPolymorphisms of the kappa casein (CSN3) gene and inference of its variants in water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)Haemato-biochemical profile and acid–base status of Croatian spotted goats of different agesTime of sexual maturity and early egg quality of Japanese quails affected by in ovo injection of medicinal plantsBody composition and venison quality of farmed red deer (Cervus elaphus) hinds reared on grass, papilionaceous or mixed pasture paddocksEffects of slaughter age and muscle type on meat quality characteristics of Eastern Anatolian Red bullsA new parameter describing fertility in rabbits at the farm level: the kit indexThe effects of natural mating and artificial insemination using cryopreserved buck semen on reproductive performance in Alpine goatsFatty acids in intramuscular fat of Ile de France lambs in two different production systemsThe sex ratio in farmed American mink (Neovison vison)Responses of developmental and physiological traits to manipulated incubation conditions in broiler embryos at hypoxic high altitudeBody condition status at mating affects gestation length, offspring yield and return rate in ewesRelationships between milk protein polymorphisms and production traits in cattle: a systematic review and meta-analysisEffects of different floor housing systems on the welfare of fast-growing broilers with an extended fattening periodThree-step in vitro maturation culture of bovine oocytes imitating temporal changes of estradiol-17β and progesterone concentrations in preovulatory follicular fluidA new somatic cell count index to more accurately predict milk yield lossesInvited review: reproductive physiology in commercial and premium pig breeds – history of 30-year-long cooperationA novel synonymous SNP (A47A) of the TMEM95 gene is significantly associated with the reproductive traits related to testis in male pigletsEffects of gender and diet on back fat and loin area ultrasound measurements during the growth and final stage of fattening in Iberian pigs
Ivan Vlahek, Velimir Sušić, Anamaria Ekert Kabalin, Sven Menčik, Maja Maurić Maljković, Aneta Piplica, Juraj Šavorić, and Siniša Faraguna
Arch. Anim. Breed., 66, 145–151,Short summary
Ewes' reproductive performance could be predicted using the data available early in their life. Ewe birth rank, dam birth rank, first litter size, and first lambing interval are significantly associated with ewe reproductive performance up to the fourth year of life. Precise prediction of ewe reproductive performance using the early predictors is impossible due to the low R2 predicted. The value of the lower threshold of the 95 % prediction interval might be useful in making selection decisions.
Tarik Safak, Ali Risvanli, Oznur Yilmaz, Burak Yuksel, Nevzat Saat, and Burak Tanyeri
Arch. Anim. Breed., 66, 141–143,Short summary
The team that prepared this article developed and patented electrical teat dipping (ETD) to prevent cow mastitis. ETD was developed by combining teat dipping application and an electrical field stimulation technique on teats. In this study, it was aimed to determine the effects of ETD on clinical mastitis incidence and bulk tank milk somatic cell counts on dairy farms. Based on our findings, we conclude that the effects of ETD on mastitis rates reduction are very positive.
Radek Filipčík, Zuzana Rečková, Vojtěch Pešan, Oleksandra Konoval, and Tomáš Kopec
Arch. Anim. Breed., 66, 113–120,Short summary
The aim of this paper was to evaluate semen parameters from Czech Fleckvieh bulls used in artificial insemination (AI) in the Fleckvieh population. We analyzed 1029 samples from 46 Fleckvieh bulls from one AI station. Semen from the bulls was collected once a week, which is not usual in other AI stations. We also assessed sperm quality parameters of ejaculate before freezing and after thawing. The ejaculate parameters were evaluated in relation to the collection season and the age of the bulls.
Shijie Xue, Kaidong Liu, Le Zhao, Lisheng Zhou, Xiaoxiao Gao, Lirong Liu, Nan Liu, and Jianning He
Arch. Anim. Breed., 66, 93–102,Short summary
In this study, we found that miR-369-3p inhibits the proliferation and differentiation of Aohan fine-wool sheep (AFWS) preadipocytes. This study provides a theoretical basis for further exploration of the molecular mechanism of fat deposition in sheep and other livestock.
Ruixue Hu, Xunping Jiang, Huiguo Yang, and Guiqiong Liu
Arch. Anim. Breed., 66, 81–91,Short summary
Genes enriched in sensory perception were positively selected via selection signature analysis between wild Asiatic mouflon and domesticated Hu sheep. Among them, RDH5 is one of the key enzymes in the synthesis of retinoic acid (RA), which is related to human retinopathy. The c.722T>C/p.M241T mutation of RDH5 affects retinol dehydrogenase activity in the domestication process of sheep.
Arch. Anim. Breed., 66, 61–69,Short summary
This study aimed to understand the effects of adding low-dose oxytocin hormone into ram semen on the pregnancy rate and reproductive efficiency of sheep. A total of 53 out of 122 Chios ewes were inseminated with oxytocin hormone content, and successful pregnancy was achieved 90.56 % of them. In examination of the pregnancy rate, one of the indicators of reproductive performance, the difference between the groups is statistically significant (p = 0.046; p ≤ 0.05).
Arch. Anim. Breed., 66, 41–50,Short summary
Globally, water buffalo livestock farming accounts for approximately 200 million animals; the use of precision livestock farming (PLF) technologies, which are becoming widespread in dairy cattle livestock farming, is explored for water buffalo livestock farming by adapting the system for the use of water buffalo enterprises. In this study, the possibilities of using PLF technologies in water buffaloes are presented by surveying the breeders and by SWOT analysis according to the survey results.
Jian Tao Wang, Guo Sen Wang, Yuan Fang Gong, Xian Qiao, Xiang Li, Gui Zhu Wang, Ying Zhen Zheng, Jian Guo Lv, Xiang Long Li, and Zheng Zhu Liu
Arch. Anim. Breed., 65, 417–426,Short summary
Three-way crossbreeding was performed with Australian White, Dorper, and Charollais as terminal male parents and elite F1 hybrids of Australian × Han, Dorper × Han, and Charollais × Han as female parents. Based on the growth of three-way crossbred and Small-tailed Han lambs as well as the effects of CLPG, the offspring of male Australian White and female Charollais × Han showed apparent heterosis, and the individuals with the T allele had improved body weight and body size.
Ayhan Ceyhan, Mustafa Avcı, Mehmet Mustafa Tanrıkulu, Beyza Yılmaz, and Mubeen Ul Hassan
Arch. Anim. Breed., 65, 407–416,Short summary
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of concentrate-based feeding (CF) and artificial pasture-based grazing (APG) management systems on milk yield, fatty acid, nutritional indices, and milk physicochemical characteristics of Awassi ewes.
Monika Zemanova, Lucie Langova, Ivana Novotná, Petra Dvorakova, Irena Vrtkova, and Zdenek Havlicek
Arch. Anim. Breed., 65, 371–384,Short summary
This publication aims to describe the physiology of the mammary gland and its immune mechanisms and to approximate their connection with potential mastitis resistance genes. It describes various options for mastitis elimination and focuses on genetic selection and a closer specification of resistance genes to mastitis.
Levent Mercan, Mehmet A. Cam, Mustafa Olfaz, Koray Kirikci, Hacer Tufekci, and Unal Kilic
Arch. Anim. Breed., 65, 341–352,Short summary
This article investigated the lamb meat physical, chemical, instrumental, and sensory quality characteristics of 60 meat samples from five indigenous sheep breeds. As meat quality is vital in healthy and balanced nutrition, the presented results will benefit consumers, nutritionists, and those working in this field.
Edith Elblinger, Julianna Bokor, Árpád Bokor, Vilmos Altbäcker, János Nagy, József Szabó, Bertalan Sárdi, Adrian Valentin Bâlteanu, Zsolt Rónai, László Rózsa, József Rátky, István Anton, and Attila Zsolnai
Arch. Anim. Breed., 65, 267–274,Short summary
We report one set of the identified molecular markers linked to antler quality in red deer. These markers can be used in the selection procedure to increase the frequency of stags that develop high-quality antlers with elevated probability. Another set of markers has also been introduced that is capable of effective paternity testing.
Mustafa Tekerli, Metin Erdoğan, Serdar Koçak, Koray Çelikeloğlu, Ebubekir Yazıcı, Özlem Hacan, Zehra Bozkurt, Mustafa Demirtaş, and Samet Çinkaya
Arch. Anim. Breed., 65, 231–238,Short summary
Factors such as genotype, sex, type of birth, maternal age, weaning age and birth weight must be considered in evaluation of pre- and post-weaning growth traits. Myostatin mutation was introduced to native Turkish breed Ramlıç by marker-assisted introgression (MAI). The mutation has a positive effect on ultrasonographic carcass traits in crosses. Lambs with myostatin tended to have deeper longissimus muscle and good carcass characteristics, and they may be recommendable for Turkish farmers.
Sabri Arda Eratalar, Nezih Okur, and Ahmet Yaman
Arch. Anim. Breed., 65, 199–206,Short summary
How actual industrial stocking densities generally affect the slaughter performance and meat quality parameters of hybrid Pekin ducks reared under industrial conditions was examined in this experiment. With the findings of the research it can be concluded that, when actually applied stocking densities rearing hybrid Pekin ducks increase, some slaughter parameters and few meat quality parameters are negatively affected.
Musa Sarıca, Koray Karakoç, and Kadir Erensoy
Arch. Anim. Breed., 65, 171–181,Short summary
This study aimed to determine the changes in the performance, welfare, and productivity level of broiler chickens reared at various group sizes under intensive field conditions. Rearing in groups of 6000 broilers had better performance and higher overall productivity than others, but they tended to show more serious body defects, while a group size of 3000 broilers was more favorable in terms of welfare.
Maria D. Yiakoulaki, Eleni T. Tsiobani, Christina-Ioanna G. Galliou, and Konstantinos G. Papaspyropoulos
Arch. Anim. Breed., 65, 157–169,Short summary
We studied the impact of the COVID-19 restrictive measures on the extensive farming system of small ruminants. We found that the breeders’ daily work routine was negatively affected in holdings with a high number of sheep. The majority of breeders did not change the movements of the animals in pastures, the amount of the given feedstuffs, the hygienic conditions on the farms, or the employed workers. A decrease in demand for animal products and a decrease in their prices were observed.
Zhihong Liu, Yuchun Xie, Juntao Guo, Xin Su, Cun Zhao, Chongyan Zhang, Qing Qin, Dongliang Dai, Yanan Tuo, Zongyuan Li, Danni Wu, and Jinquan Li
Arch. Anim. Breed., 65, 37–46,Short summary
After performing in-depth research on miRNA localization, distribution, and function-related metabolism, we found that these exosome-concentrated miRNA target genes were interrelated with development and basic cell functions, such as metabolism and immunity. It is speculated that miRNAs in milk can influence offspring via milk exosomes.
Yu Cui, Chunliang Wang, Lirong Liu, Nan Liu, and Jianning He
Arch. Anim. Breed., 65, 11–19,Short summary
Here we clarify the specific expression and mechanism of the EPH receptor and Ephrin during the development of hair follicles, as well as their upstream and downstream signaling pathways and activation pathways. This study verified the effect of EPHA4 and Ephrin A3 genes on fine-hair follicles through RT-qPCR and immunohistochemistry testing. It is of great significance as it could speed up the promotion of breeding sheep for wool.
Si Chen, Lin Tao, Xiaoyun He, Ran Di, Xiangyu Wang, and Mingxing Chu
Arch. Anim. Breed., 64, 475–486,Short summary
Our findings provide valuable genetic markers for litter size in sheep.
Hakan Erdem and Türker Savaş
Arch. Anim. Breed., 64, 447–455,Short summary
The interaction between genotype and environment changes depending on the interaction of the sub-environments. The environments have a hierarchically structured impact. With regard to the growth of the chicks, nutrition seems to have a higher value than red mite infestation. While a clear interaction between genotypes and poultry red mite infestation was observed in ad libitum feeding, the genotypes reacted similarly to infestation under feed restrictions.
Somsy Xayalath, Gabriella Novotni-Dankó, Péter Balogh, Klaus-Peter Brüssow, and József Rátky
Arch. Anim. Breed., 64, 365–373,Short summary
The study aimed to highlight the general trend of indigenous Lao pig utilization and the altered reproductive performance with special reference to location and rearing systems. Indigenous pigs are not only important for household consumption, but they also serve as household savings that the households use anytime, i.e. to support their children's education and traditional activity performance. Proper management is needed to improve reproductive performance of indigenous pigs in Laos.
Hacer Tüfekci and Mustafa Olfaz
Arch. Anim. Breed., 64, 305–314,Short summary
In this study, the meat quality traits and fatty acid composition of Hair Goat and Saanen × Hair Goat (G1) crossbred kids fattened under intensive, semi-intensive and extensive conditions were determined. The conjugate linoleic acid contents of Hair Goat kids were respectively measured as 0.48 %, 0.55 % and 0.65 %. The conjugate linoleic acid contents of Saanen × Hair Goat (G1) kids were respectively measured as 0.52 %, 0.58 % and 0.73 %.
Naoya Sasazaki, Seiich Uno, Emiko Kokushi, Katsuki Toda, Hiroshi Hasunuma, Daisaku Matsumoto, Ayaka Miyashita, Osamu Yamato, Hiroaki Okawa, Masayuki Ohtani, Johanna Fink-Gremmels, Masayasu Taniguchi, and Mitsuhiro Takagi
Arch. Anim. Breed., 64, 257–264,Short summary
We evaluated the effects of supplementing cattle feed with difructose anhydride III (DFA III) by measuring urinary sterigmatocystin (STC) concentrations. DFA III was supplemented for 2 weeks to 10 animals, and non-treated animals served as controls. Our findings demonstrate the effect of DFA III on reducing the urinary concentration of STC in Japanese Black cattle.
Jonas Herold, Kerstin Brügemann, and Sven König
Arch. Anim. Breed., 64, 187–198,Short summary
For local breeds kept in small herds, consideration of classical herd effects implies imprecise genetic evaluations. In consequence, the present study aimed to evaluate different herd clustering strategies, considering social–ecological and herd characteristics. The similarities of herds within created herd clusters and improved reliabilities of estimated breeding values suggest the application of herd clusters in statistical models for genetic evaluations in local breeds.
Este van Marle-Köster and Carina Visser
Arch. Anim. Breed., 64, 177–185,Short summary
Selection for increased production in intensive and extensive livestock production systems caused animal health and welfare to deteriorate. This is observed in reduced fertility, lameness and claw health in dairy cattle and pigs, resulting in unnecessary culling. In addition, inbreeding has resulted in a number of genetic defects in cows, sheep and pigs. Accurate recording and an increased awareness of welfare traits are necessary to find sustainable solutions.
Jan Broucek, Michal Uhrincat, Peter Kisac, and Anton Hanus
Arch. Anim. Breed., 64, 69–82,Short summary
The objective was to find whether cow growth, milk performance, and behaviour are affected by rearing conditions until weaning after a milk-fed period of 84 d. Holstein heifers were assigned to one of three treatments: SM, pen with mother to 21st day, then group pen; SN, with own mother, then in pen with nursing cow; H, in hutch from 2nd to 56th day. The SN group tended to have the highest production of milk for 305 d and crossed the maze the fastest.
Hilal Tozlu Celik, Fatih Ahmet Aslan, Yeliz Kasko Arıcı, Metehan Eser Kahveci, and İbrahim Kiper
Arch. Anim. Breed., 64, 83–89,Short summary
This research aimed to determine the effects of body weight, the body condition score (BCS), body measurements, birth type, birth weight and sex on the gestational length in sheep. The lowest and highest gestational lengths were found to be 148.90 and 151.41 d respectively. It is thought that the use of the BCS, which is easily applied by the breeder, will have a positive effect on determining the bodily reserves of sheep and the reproductive efficiency as well as on obtaining healthy lambs.
Sabri Arda Eratalar
Arch. Anim. Breed., 64, 1–6,Short summary
Research was conducted to evaluate the effects of plastic slatted floors and a deep-litter system using wood shavings on the growth performance of recent commercial hybrid Pekin ducks with actual field conditions. With the use of plastic slatted floors, the feed conversion rate dropped and the water / feed consumption ratio showed an increase (p < 0.05). This is a remarkable scientific result that is economically favourable for the industry and growers promoting new aspects.
Folasade Olubukola Ajayi, Oladeji Bamidele, Waheed Akinola Hassan, Uduak Ogundu, Abdulmojeed Yakubu, Olayinka Olubunmi Alabi, Oludayo Michael Akinsola, Emmanuel Babafunso Sonaiya, and Oluwafunmilayo Ayoka Adebambo
Arch. Anim. Breed., 63, 387–408,Short summary
This study evaluated the production performance of six chicken breeds under different agroecologies in Nigeria for 72 weeks. Each participating smallholder poultry (SHP) farmer (2100) received about 30 birds. The breeds were ranked (highest–lowest) for growth, laying performance and survivability as Shika-Brown/Sasso>FUNAAB Alpha/Noiler>Kuroiler>Fulani. The lowland rainforest and freshwater swamp supported the highest performance of the breeds. The study could guide the development of SHP.
Mohannad Abuajamieh, Anas Abdelqader, Rabie Irshaid, Firas M. F. Hayajneh, Ja'far M. Al-Khaza'leh, and Abdur-Rahman Al-Fataftah
Arch. Anim. Breed., 63, 125–135,Short summary
Heat stress is a global issue that negatively affects the performance of farm animals. In this study, we investigated the effects of zinc from an organic source on some performance parameters of broiler chickens. We demonstrated organic zinc supplementation at a rate of 100 % of the organic zinc in the basal diet of broilers under hot conditions improved villus height and absorptive surface area in the duodenum and jejunum and increased the percentage of intestinal weight vs. body weight.
Arch. Anim. Breed., 63, 91–101,Short summary
In this study, the effects of using soy oil (SO), poultry fat (PF) and tallow (T) in feed at fixed energy : protein ratio on broiler performance were evaluated. When PF and T were used instead of SO, especially in grower feed, the field performance improved except for mortality. This situation was not seen in slaughter performance except for a few cases. At the end of the study, it was seen that if certain ratios are not exceeded, the use of PF and T instead of SO may be economic alternatives.
Mehmet Sarı, Yüksel Aksoy, Kadir Önk, Hakan Erinç, Serpil A. Işık, and Muammer Tilki
Arch. Anim. Breed., 62, 605–614,
Xinyang Fan, Zifang Zhang, Lihua Qiu, Yongyun Zhang, and Yongwang Miao
Arch. Anim. Breed., 62, 585–596,Short summary
Kappa casein (κ-CN) plays an important role in the formation, size and stability of casein micelles. We identified a total of eight single nucleotide polymorphisms in buffalo CSN3. Based on these, seven κ-CN variants and four synonymous variants were inferred and named. The sequences of κ-CN variants were significantly different between buffalo and the Bos genus. This study can help reveal the different physicochemical and processing properties of milk between buffalo and the Bos genus.
Zvonko Antunović, Ivica Marić, Željka Klir, Vatroslav Šerić, Boro Mioč, and Josip Novoselec
Arch. Anim. Breed., 62, 455–463,Short summary
The aim of the present research was to determine the haemato-biochemical profile and blood acid–base status of Croatian spotted goats in a traditional Mediterranean production system. Concentrations of Ca, Na, total cholesterol, HDL, LDL and beta hydroxybutyrate were higher in older goats compared to yearlings. Values of pH, strong ion difference, anion gap and z values as well as the content of bicarbonate and total pressure of carbon dioxide were higher in older goats compared to yearlings.
Karrar I. A. Al-Shammari, Justyna Batkowska, Kamil Drabik, and Magdalena M. Gryzińska
Arch. Anim. Breed., 62, 423–430,Short summary
The aim of this study was to evaluate the time to sexual maturity and the quality of the initial eggs of Japanese quail affected by in ovo injection of plants extracts: ginger, garlic, oregano and cinnamon. The in ovo use of medicinal herbs may considerably modify both the time of sexual maturity and the quality of the initial eggs of Japanese quail.
János Nagy, András Szabó, Tamás Donkó, Julianna Bokor, Róbert Romvári, Imre Repa, Péter Horn, and Hedvig Fébel
Arch. Anim. Breed., 62, 227–239,
Sinan Kopuzlu, Nurinisa Esenbuga, Alper Onenc, Muhlis Macit, Mete Yanar, Sadrettin Yuksel, Abdulkadir Ozluturk, and Necdet Unlu
Arch. Anim. Breed., 61, 497–504,Short summary
The effects of slaughter age and muscle type on meat quality properties of Eastern Anatolian Red (EAR) bulls (n = 46) were investigated in the present study. Forty-six EAR bulls were slaughtered at 15, 17, 19, 25, and 27 months. Meat samples were taken from longissimus dorsi (LD) and gluteus medius (GM) muscles obtained from the carcasses 24 h post-mortem.
Arch. Anim. Breed., 61, 463–467,Short summary
The rabbit kit index (KI) combines the kindling rate (KR) and the average litter size (LS) per group of rabbit does per year or per farm and represents the number of total or live-born kits per 100 inseminated does. The KR is the percentage of does kindling from the total number of inseminated does. The KI characterizes the complex fertility situation on a given rabbit farm. The KI can be used to demonstrate and solve problems with artificial insemination and general insemination management.
Dehouegnon Jerry Agossou and Nazan Koluman
Arch. Anim. Breed., 61, 459–461,Short summary
This study evaluated the effects of using frozen buck semen on reproductive performances of artificially inseminated Alpine goats relative to naturally mated goats. Reproductive performance, especially the pregnancy and mortality rates, was higher in the naturally bred goats than the artificially inseminated group. The oestrus synchronization followed by natural mating achieved better reproductive performance than the goats artificially inseminated using frozen semen.
Milan Margetín, Marta Oravcová, Jana Margetínová, and Róbert Kubinec
Arch. Anim. Breed., 61, 395–403,Short summary
Fatty acid composition in the intramuscular fat of the musculus longissimus dorsi of Ile de France purebred lambs in two production systems (lambs and ewes were assigned to pasture and fed without concentrates vs. lambs and ewes were assigned to a stable and fed with hay/silage and concentrates) was evaluated using gas chromatography. An analysis of variance was used for comparison. No such comparison had previously been carried out in Slovakia. Meat from lambs assigned to pasture was better.
Lidia Felska-Błaszczyk, Natalia Ławrów, Bogdan Lasota, Beata Seremak, Katarzyna Pęzińska-Kijak, Krzysztof Żuk, and Piotr Nowak
Arch. Anim. Breed., 61, 359–363,Short summary
The aim of the study was to analyse the sex ratio of American mink litters in relation to dam's age, gestation length, and time interval between the first and second mating. The observations were carried out on a mink farm located in northern Poland.
Arch. Anim. Breed., 61, 337–349,Short summary
The effects of hypoxia at increased altitude levels on the cardio-respiratory development of broiler embryos are distinct in comparison with those at sea level. The study aim was to investigate the effects of high incubation temperature and oxygen supplementation during hypoxic high altitude at different embryonic stages of developmental and physiological traits of embryos and hatching performance of embryonated hatching eggs in broilers. A total of 1280 eggs obtained from broilers.
Mehmet Akif Cam, Ali Vaiz Garipoglu, and Koray Kirikci
Arch. Anim. Breed., 61, 221–228,Short summary
In sheep production, the body condition scores and parities are important environmental factors affecting lamb yield. Extreme body condition scores (fattening state) lead to negative effects on lamb yield. In the present study, it was revealed that ewes with medium and fat body condition scores (BCS: 2.5–4.0) were profitable. It was shown that the body condition score had minimal effects on the birth weights of lambs, and the incidence of dystocia was increased in thin and very fat ewes.
Memis Ozdemir, Sinan Kopuzlu, Mehmet Topal, and Omer Cevdet Bilgin
Arch. Anim. Breed., 61, 197–206,Short summary
The meta-analysis demonstrated that the relationships of major milk protein genes with other factors should be examined using the codominant genetic model in general. According to results of the meta-analysis, relationships among some CSN3 genotypes and fat yield, fat content, and protein content, and relationships among some BLG genotypes and daily milk yield, fat content, protein yield, and protein content were found statistically significant (p < 0.05).
Enver Çavuşoğlu, Metin Petek, İbrahima Mahamane Abdourhamane, Ahmet Akkoc, and Ersin Topal
Arch. Anim. Breed., 61, 9–16,Short summary
This research was conducted to establish whether flooring systems, i.e., plastic, could be good alternatives to deep litter. What we have found is that in terms of some animal welfare parameters, such as footpad dermatitis and hock joint dermatitis, slatted floor housing can be a good alternative. However, as the birds get heavier, some other welfare problems occur, such as lesions on the breast and shoulder.
Minami Matsuo, Kazuma Sumitomo, Chihiro Ogino, Yosuke Gunji, Ryo Nishimura, and Mitsugu Hishinuma
Arch. Anim. Breed., 60, 385–390,Short summary
Bovine cumulus–oocyte complexes were cultured in a three-step system imitating estradiol-17β (E2) and progesterone (P4) concentrations in preovulatory follicular fluid for in vitro maturation (IVM). The blastocyst formation rate after E2- and P4-imitated IVM was significantly higher than that after the other IVM (control, E2-imitated, P4-imitated), suggesting that the three-step IVM system with the preovulatory levels of E2 and P4 improves the developmental potential of embryos in vitro.
Janez Jeretina, Dejan Škorjanc, and Drago Babnik
Arch. Anim. Breed., 60, 373–383,Short summary
Intramammary infections in dairy cows lead to considerable economic losses for farmers. A new somatic cell count index (SCCI) was proposed for the accurate prediction of milk yield losses caused by elevated somatic cell count (SCC). Depending on the time of SCC elevation, parity, milk production level, and level of average SCC, the estimated milk yield loss from the phenotypic potential of milk yield was at least 0.8–0.9 kg day−1 for primiparous cows and 1.3–4.3 kg day−1 for multiparous cows.
József Rátky, István Egerszegi, Tamás Páble, Eszter Balogh, Noboru Manabe, Soukanh Keonouchan, and Klaus-Peter Brüssow
Arch. Anim. Breed., 60, 253–257,Short summary
We report on results of a 30-year cooperation between Hungarian and German scientists on reproductive research in female pigs. Several new techniques such as endoscopy and embryo transfer were used to study endocrinology, the ovulatory process and fertilization in pigs. The research was further focused on indigenous Hungarian Mangalica pigs to highlight particularity and support the renaissance of this native pig breed. This bilateral cooperation was broadened to non-European fatty pig breeds.
Liangliang Liu, Shuai Yu, Rui Chen, Xiaoyan Lv, and Chuanying Pan
Arch. Anim. Breed., 60, 235–241,Short summary
One novel coding SNP was found in exon 1 of pig TMEM95 gene, namely NC_010454.3:g.341T > C, which was significantly associated with testis measurement traits at 15 days of age in the LW population (p < 0.05). Moreover, a significant relationship was found between this A47A polymorphism and testis weight at 40 days of age in LW population (p = 0.047). These results could contribute to breeding and genetics programs in the pig industry via DNA marker-assisted selection (MAS).
Ana González, Dolores Ayuso, Francisco Peña, Andrés L. Martínez, and Mercedes Izquierdo
Arch. Anim. Breed., 60, 213–223,
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Phenotypic and genetic trends, genetic parameters, and breeding values of the fattening and slaughter traits of 1162 Hungarian Simmental bulls were evaluated for the progeny test database. Based on our results, it seems that the simultaneous selection, in which, in addition to milk production, meat production is included in the dual-production index at a proportion of one-third, causes neither a substantial improvement nor a deterioration in the meat production of the Hungarian Simmental breed.
Phenotypic and genetic trends, genetic parameters, and breeding values of the fattening and...