Articles | Volume 64, issue 1
Arch. Anim. Breed., 64, 91–102, 2021
Arch. Anim. Breed., 64, 91–102, 2021

Original study 11 Mar 2021

Original study | 11 Mar 2021

Genetic diversity and population structure in divergent German cattle selection lines on the basis of milk protein polymorphisms

Lisa G. Hohmann et al.

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Cited articles

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Beja-Pereira, A., Erhardt, G., Matos, C., Gama, L., and Ferrand, N.: Evidence of a geographical cline of casein haplotypes in Portuguese cattle breeds, Anim. Genet., 33, 295–300,, 2002. 
Boettcher, P. J., Caroli, A., Stella, A., Chessa, S., Budelli, E., Canavesi, F., Ghiroldi, S., and Pagnacco, G.: Effects of Casein Haplotypes on Milk Production Traits in Italian Holstein and Brown Swiss Cattle, J. Dairy Sci., 87, 4311–4317,, 2004. 
Short summary
We analyzed the genetic structure of the casein cluster in eight selection lines of the Holstein Friesian, German Simmental and German Black Pied cattle breeds based on casein genotypes in milk. Temporal changes in allele distributions indicated decreasing genetic diversity at the casein loci, explaining the moderate level of genetic differentiation among selection lines. The variability of the casein should be exploited in the future using breeding programs to select genetic lines.