Testicular transcriptomes were analyzed to characterize the differentially expressed genes between mulard and Pekin ducks, which will help establish gene expression datasets to assist in further determining the mechanisms of genetic sterility in mulard ducks. Paraffin sections were made to compare the developmental differences in testis tissue between the two breeds. A comparative transcriptome sequencing of testis tissues was performed, and the expression of candidate genes was verified.
Indigenous chickens (ICs) are known for disease resistance and hardiness. The role of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) in disease resistance is well known. The present study carried out to find out variability at the MHC revealed higher genetic variability at the MHC of ICs over White Leghorn birds. ICs are likely to have new alleles of the LEI0258 marker of MHC. Some alleles were found to be associated with growth, production, survivability and antibody titres to Newcastle disease virus.
To study whether chicken PLIN1 expression is regulated by DNA methylation, we analyzed the promoter methylation status and expression of the PLIN1 gene, and found that chicken PLIN1 expression was significantly positively correlated with abdominal fat percentage, the DNA methylation of CpG5 at position −490 bp of the promoter had a certain impact on PLIN1 expression. These results imply that epigenetic regulation of PLIN1 might be important for hypertrophic growth in chicken adipose development.
Substitution of amino acids due to single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in pattern recognition receptors leads to altered innate immunity to diseases. The present study shows extensive polymorphisms in coding sequences of TLR (TLR3, TLR1LA) and NLR (NOD1) genes compared to the RLR (MDA5, LGP2) gene. SNPs were higher in Indian chicken breeds (Ghagus and Nicobari) compared to the WLH breed. A computer simulation study revealed a neutral effect of most non-synonymous SNPs on protein function.
The objective of the present study was to identify (for the first time) polymorphisms in calpain 1 gene and to perform an association analysis between these polymorphisms with related economic traits in goose raised in a dehesa ecosystem. The results suggest the possibility of using molecular markers in CAPN1 gene as a potential tool for improving carcass and meat quality traits in goose breeding programmes.
Fan, H. J., Liu, X. L., and Wang, J.: Analysis of PLIN gene PCR-RFLP polymorphism and its association with carcass and adipose traits in meat ducks, J. Acta Agriculturae Boreali-occidentalis Sinica, 20, 12–17, 2011.
Fan, Y. Y., Zan, L. S., and Wang, H. B.: Study on the relationship between polymorphism of PLIN gene and carcass and meat quality traits in Qinchuan cattle, CN J. Anim. and Vet. Sci., 41, 268–273, 2010.
Gao, Z. Y., Lin, P. P., and Yuan, Y. N.: Study on the polymorphism of PLIN gene and its association with tail and slaughter traits in sheep, J. Shanxi Agric. Univ. (Natural Science Edition), 32, 158–164, 2012.
Gandolfi, G., Mazzoni, M., and Zambonelli, P.: Perilipin 1 and perilipin 2 protein localization and gene expression study in skeletal muscles of european cross-breed pigs with different intramuscular fat contents, Meat Sci., 88, 631–637, 2011.
Lü, Y. R., Liu, Y., and Huang, X. R.: Effect of interaction between PLIN gene polymorphisms and open lifestyle intervention on weight-loss in Chinese Han adults, Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae, 37, 681–692, 2015.