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Archives Animal Breeding Archiv Tierzucht
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Short summary
Selection for increased production in intensive and extensive livestock production systems caused animal health and welfare to deteriorate. This is observed in reduced fertility, lameness and claw health in dairy cattle and pigs, resulting in unnecessary culling. In addition, inbreeding has resulted in a number of genetic defects in cows, sheep and pigs. Accurate recording and an increased awareness of welfare traits are necessary to find sustainable solutions.
AAB | Articles | Volume 64, issue 1
Arch. Anim. Breed., 64, 177–185, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/aab-64-177-2021
Arch. Anim. Breed., 64, 177–185, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/aab-64-177-2021

Review 25 May 2021

Review | 25 May 2021

Unintended consequences of selection for increased production on the health and welfare of livestock

Este van Marle-Köster and Carina Visser

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Cited articles

Andersson, L.: Molecular consequences of animal breeding, Curr. Opin. Genet. Dev., 23, 295–301, 2013. 
Arthur, P.: Double muscling in cattle: a review, Aust. J. Agr. Res., 46, 1493–1515, 2004. 
Bayvel, A. C. and Cross, N.: Animal welfare: A complex domestic and International public-policy issue – Who are the key players?, Animal Welfare in Education and Research, 37, 3–12, 2010. 
Berry, D. P. and Evans, R. D.: Genetics of reproductive performance in seasonal calving beef cows and its association with performance traits, J. Anim. Sci., 92, 1412–1422, 2014. 
Berry, D. P., Buckley, F., Dillon, P., Evans, R. D., Rath, M., and Veerkamp, R. F.: Genetic relationships among body condition score, body weight, milk yield, and fertility in dairy cows, J. Dairy Sci., 86, 2193–2204, 2003. 
Download
Short summary
Selection for increased production in intensive and extensive livestock production systems caused animal health and welfare to deteriorate. This is observed in reduced fertility, lameness and claw health in dairy cattle and pigs, resulting in unnecessary culling. In addition, inbreeding has resulted in a number of genetic defects in cows, sheep and pigs. Accurate recording and an increased awareness of welfare traits are necessary to find sustainable solutions.
Citation