Articles | Volume 63, issue 2
Arch. Anim. Breed., 63, 409–416, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/aab-63-409-2020
Arch. Anim. Breed., 63, 409–416, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/aab-63-409-2020

Original study 16 Nov 2020

Original study | 16 Nov 2020

DNA analysis of the Russian populations of Aberdeen Angus, Hereford and Belgian Blue cattle

Elena N. Konovalova et al.

Related subject area

Subject: DNA markers and gene expressions | Animal: Cattle
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Cited articles

Aiello, D., Patel, K., and Lasagna, E.: The myostatin gene: an overview of mechanisms of action and its relevance to livestock animals, Anim Genet., 49, 505–519, https://doi.org/10.1111/age.12696, 2018. 
Beever, J. E., Marron, B. M., Parnell, P. F., Teseling, C. F., Steffen, D. J., and Denholm, L. J.: Developmental Duplications (DD): 1. Elucidation of the underlying molecular genetic basis of polymelia phenotypes in Angus cattle, Proc. XXVIII World Buiatrics Congress, Cairns Australia, Abstract 0106, 2014. 
Denholm, L. J., Martin, L. E., Teseling, C. F., Parnell, P. F., and Beever, J. E.: Developmental Duplications (DD): 2. Mutation of the NHLRC2 gene causes neural tube defects in Angus cattle with multiple congenital malformation phenotypes that include axial and limb duplications, heteropagus conjoined twins, midbrain and forebrain malformations including pseudoholoprosencephalon, craniofacial dysmorphogenesis, micropthalmia, diprosopus, embryogenic teratomas, dermoid cysts, myolipomas, split cord malformation and cranial and spinal dysraphism, Proc. XXVIII World Buiatrics Congress, Cairns Australia, Abstract 0100, 2014. 
Dennis, J. A. and Healy, P. J.: Definition of the mutation responsible for maple syrup urine disease in poll shorthorns and genotyping poll shorthorns and poll Herefords for maple syrup urine disease alleles, Res. Vet. Sci, 67, 1–6, https://doi.org/10.1053/rvsc.1998.0296, 1999. 
Druet, T., Ahariz, N., Cambisano, N., Tamma, N., Michaux, C., Coppieters, W., Charlier, C., and Georges, M.: Selection in action: dissecting the molecular underpinnings of the increasing muscle mass of Belgian blue cattle, BMC Genom., 15, 796, https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-15-796, 2014. 
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Short summary
This F94L MSTN polymorphism study demonstrates the high genetic potential of Aberdeen Angus and Belgian Blue cattle. The Aberdeen Angus populations have animal carriers of the AM, OS, DD and M1 genetic defects points. Animal carriers of HY and MSUD genetic defects were absent in the Hereford herds. These facts allow us to conclude that the breeding of the above breeds has great potential for improving meat cattle industry profitability under genetic defect control.