Articles | Volume 63, issue 2
10 Sep 2020
Review |  | 10 Sep 2020

Physiological, antimicrobial, intestine morphological, and immunological effects of fructooligosaccharides in pigs

Brigitta Csernus and Levente Czeglédi

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Cited articles

Apper, E., Meymerit, C., Bodin, J. C., Respondek, F., and Wagner, A.: Effect of dietary supplementation with short-chain fructooligosaccharides in lactating sows and newly weaned piglets on reproductive performance of sows, immune response, and growth performance of piglets from birth to slaughter, Anim Res Nutr, 1, 19,, 2016. 
Apolinário, A. C., de Lima Damasceno, B. P., de Macêdo Beltrão, N. E, Pessoa, A., Converti, A., and da Silva, J. A.: Inulin-type fructans: A review on different aspects of biochemical and pharmaceutical technology, Carbohydr. Polym. 30, 368–378,, 2014. 
Babu, U. S., Sommers, K., Harrison, L. M., and Balan, K. V.: Effects of fructooligosaccharide-inulin on Salmonella-killing and inflammatory gene expression in chicken macrophages, Vet. Immunol. Immunop., 149, 92–96,, 2012. 
Baggio, L. L. and Drucker, D. J.: Biology of incretins: GLP-1 and GIP, Gastroenter., 132, 2131–2157,, 2007. 
Barrow, P. A.: Probiotics for chickens, in: Probiotics: The scientific basis, edited by: Fuller, R., 255–257, Chapman and Hall, London, 1992. 
Short summary
In this review, we discuss the effects of fructooligosaccharides (FOSs) on digestion, gut microbiota composition, metabolism, intestinal morphology, immunology, and growth performance in pigs. We give an overview of the different effects of FOS considering the chemical structure, the dose and duration of FOS, and differences between sexes. In conclusion, FOS represents a nutritional strategy of interest in pigs to improve the beneficial bacteria of the gut, the immunity, and growth traits.