Articles | Volume 63, issue 1
Original study
16 Jun 2020
Original study |  | 16 Jun 2020

Genetic diversity at major histocompatibility complex and its effect on production and immune traits in indigenous chicken breeds of India

Santosh Haunshi, Divya Devara, Kannaki Ramasamy, Rajkumar Ullengala, and Rudra Nath Chatterjee

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Subject: DNA markers and gene expressions | Animal: Birds
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Cited articles

Ahlawat, S. P. S., Sunder, J., Kundu, A., Chatterjee, R. N., Rai, R. B., Kumar, B., Senani, S., Saha, S. K., and Yadav, S. P.: Use of RAPD-PCR for genetic analysis of Nicobari fowl of Andaman, Brit. Poultry Sci., 45, 194–200, 2004. 
Baelmans, R., Parmentier, H. K., Nieuwland, M. G., Dorny, P., and Demey, F.: Serological screening for MHC (B)-polymorphism in indigenous chickens, Trop. Anim. Health Pro., 37, 93–102, 2005. 
Banat, G. R., Tkalcic, S., Dzielawa, J. A., Jackwood, M. W., Saggese, M. D., Yates, L., Kopulos, R., Briles, W. E., and Collisson, E. W.: Association of the chicken MHC B haplotypes with resistance to avian coronavirus, Dev. Comp. Immunol., 39, 430–437, 2013. 
Besbes, B.: Genotype evaluation and breeding of poultry for performance under sub-optimal village conditions, World Poultry Sci. J., 65, 260–271, 2009. 
Chatterjee, R. N. and Yadav, S. P.: Farming System of Nicobari Fowl – An Endangered Breed of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India, World Poultry Sci. J., 4, 245–256, 2008. 
Short summary
Indigenous chickens (ICs) are known for disease resistance and hardiness. The role of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) in disease resistance is well known. The present study carried out to find out variability at the MHC revealed higher genetic variability at the MHC of ICs over White Leghorn birds. ICs are likely to have new alleles of the LEI0258 marker of MHC. Some alleles were found to be associated with growth, production, survivability and antibody titres to Newcastle disease virus.