Articles | Volume 65, issue 3
Original study
12 Jul 2022
Original study |  | 12 Jul 2022

An analysis of the annual mobility of Polish Konik horses depending on habitat, season, and time of the day

Ryszard Pikuła, Daniel Zaborski, Wilhelm Grzesiak, and Mirosław Smugała

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Cited articles

Bat-Oyun, T., Ito, T. Y., Purevdorj, Y., Shinoda, M., Ishii, S., Buho, H., and Morinaga, Y.: Movements of dams milked for fermented horse milk production in Mongolia, Anim. Sci. J., 89, 219–226, 2018. 
Brinkmann, L., Gerken, M., and Riek, A.: Adaptation strategies to seasonal changes in environmental conditions of a domesticated horse breed, the Shetland pony (Equus ferus caballus), J. Exp. Biol., 215, 1061–1068,, 2012. 
Claudi, K. and Hoy, S.: Measurements of distances moved by horses in an active stable by GPS, Tieraerztliche Umsch., 68, 486–490, 2013. 
Czapski, M.: The Common History of the Horse, Poznań, The Common History of the Horse, J. K. Żupański, 430 pp., 1874. 
Dell Inc.: Statistica (data analysis software system), version 13.1., 2017. 
Short summary
Special nature reserves are created in Europe to replicate its prehistoric past, i.e. to rewild the area, by populating it with the kinds of animals (e.g. tarpans) that lived there many thousands of years ago. The Polish Konik is the only primitive horse breed originating directly from wild tarpans. Researchers have aimed at understanding the biology of Polish Konik horses for years. Our study showed that different factors such as season, habitat, and time of the day affect their mobility.