Articles | Volume 51, issue 3
10 Oct 2008
 | 10 Oct 2008

Genotyping of the polymorphism within exon 3 of prolactin gene in various dairy breeds by PCR RFLP (Brief report)

A. Ratna Kumari, K. M. Singh, K. J. Soni, R. K. Patel, J. B. Chauhan, and Krs Sambasiva Rao

Abstract. In mammals, especially dairy cattle the prolactin has important functions like the development of mammary gland affecting milk yield and composition. It has been mapped to chromosome 23 in Bovine (HALLERMAN et al., 1988). A silent A→G transition mutation at the codon for amino acid 103 in exon 3 of bovine prolactin (bPRL) gene gives rise to a polymorphic Rsa I site, has become a popular genetic marker used for genetic characterization of cattle populations by means of PCR-RFLP (MITRA et al., 1995; CHRENEK et al., 1998; DYBUS, 2005). The present study reports on the genotype frequencies observed in various Bos taurus and Bos indicus dairy cattle breeds.