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Volume 51, issue 2
Arch. Anim. Breed., 51, 159–171, 2008
https://doi.org/10.5194/aab-51-159-2008
© Author(s) 2008. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Arch. Anim. Breed., 51, 159–171, 2008
https://doi.org/10.5194/aab-51-159-2008
© Author(s) 2008. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  10 Oct 2008

10 Oct 2008

Efficiency of energy and protein deposition in swine measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)

A. D. Mitchell1 and A. M. Scholz2 A. D. Mitchell and A. M. Scholz
  • 1U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville, MD, USA
  • 2University Munich, Livestock Center, Oberschleißheim, Germany

Abstract. A series of studies were conducted using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to measure energy and protein deposition in pigs. In an initial validation study DXA was compared directly with slaughter analysis as a method for measuring energy deposition in pigs. During growth from 30 to 60 kg the mean value for carcass energy deposition measured by DXA was 251 MJ compared to 249 MJ by chemical analysis (R2=0.94). Subsequently it was shown that both compensatory growth and the addition of ractopamine to the diet resulted in an improvement in efficiency of protein deposition (PE), however, ractopamine also resulted in a reduction in the efficiency of energy deposition (kg). Another study was conducted to compare the efficiency of utilization of dietary energy and protein by control and IGF-I transgenic pigs in response to dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). Addition of CLA to the diet resulted in a reduction in kg, though there was no difference in kg based on genotype or sex. The PE was higher (P<0.05) in the IGF-I transgenic pigs. DXA was also used to assess energy deposition in pigs that were either homozygous stress non-sensitive (NN), heterozygous (Nn) or homozygous stress sensitive (nn). During growth from 30 to 60 kg or 60 to 90 kg there were no differences in the efficiency of either energy or protein deposition. In conclusion, DXA can be used to replace the comparative slaughter technique for measuring energy and protein deposition in pigs, thus this approach is useful for identifying differences in energy and protein deposition in pigs of different genotypes or when subjected to various dietary treatments.

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