Journal cover Journal topic
Archives Animal Breeding Archiv Tierzucht
Journal topic

Journal metrics

IF value: 0.991
IF0.991
IF 5-year value: 1.217
IF 5-year
1.217
CiteScore value: 2.0
CiteScore
2.0
SNIP value: 1.055
SNIP1.055
IPP value: 1.27
IPP1.27
SJR value: 0.425
SJR0.425
Scimago H <br class='widget-line-break'>index value: 28
Scimago H
index
28
h5-index value: 13
h5-index13
Supported by
Logo Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology Logo Leibniz Association
Volume 56, issue 1
Arch. Anim. Breed., 56, 1039–1051, 2013
https://doi.org/10.7482/0003-9438-56-105
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Arch. Anim. Breed., 56, 1039–1051, 2013
https://doi.org/10.7482/0003-9438-56-105
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  02 Dec 2013

02 Dec 2013

Effect of milk replacer feeding program on performance of Belgian Blue double-muscled rearing calves

L. O. Fiems, J. L. De Boever, and J. M. Vanacker L. O. Fiems et al.
  • Animal Sciences Unit, Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research (ILVO), Melle, Belgium

Abstract. One hundred and four Belgian Blue double-muscled calves were divided into four groups to examine the effects of different milk replacer (MR) programs. Calves in treatment group 1 received a MR diet reconstituted at 125 g/l, fed at 10 % of their initial live weight in two meals daily. Weaning occurred abruptly at a concentrate intake of 0.5 kg/d. Treatment 2 was similar to treatment 1, except that weaning occurred at a concentrate intake of 0.75 kg/d. Treatment 3 was similar to treatment 2, except that MR was fed once daily at 5 % of initial body weight from a concentrate intake of 0.5 kg/d onwards. Treatment 4 was similar to treatment 3, except that MR at a concentration of 200 g/l was fed once daily from the third week until a concentrate intake of 0.5 kg/d. Similar concentrates and grass hay were fed. Pre-weaning gain averaged 0.51, 0.57, 0.56 and 0.53 kg/d, respectively (P < 0.05; SEM: 0.01). Daily nutrient intake was lowest for treatment 1. No effect on diarrhoea was found. Post-weaning gain did not differ among treatments. Daily gain during the whole rearing period (20 weeks) averaged 0.83 kg and was not affected by treatment. Calves assigned to treatment 1 had a lower daily intake of MR, while feed efficiency tended to be worse. Weaning can be successfully accelerated by skipping over a meal when concentrate intake exceeded 0.5 kg/d, or by combining one MR meal daily with an increased concentration of 200 g/l from an age of three weeks onwards.

Download
Citation