Different estimations of heritabilities in dependence of major gene effects (Brief Report)
Abstract. Knowledge of major gene effects for quantitative traits (e.g. milk performance traits) and the consequent selection of animals with desirable genotypes can accelerate breeding progress and can therefore equal large gain in profits. It is generally accepted that in most cases, the total breeding value for quantitative traits of any animal can be divided in one or some major gene effects and a pure random polygenic component, in which the latter results from a finite number of remaining loci (FERNANDO et al. 1994). Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate, how the estimation of heritability is influenced by the application of two different models, one of them containing a major single gene effect. The myostatin gene (MSTN) was chosen because the knowledge of this gene effect is used for selection decisions in the Dual Purpose Belgian Blue Breed (DP-BBB) in the Walloon Region of Belgium.