Articles | Volume 46, issue 2
10 Oct 2003
 | 10 Oct 2003

Follicular dynamic and ovulation in cattle – a review

W. Kanitz

Abstract. A review is given about follicular populations and aspects of follicular development in cattle. Ovaries of cattle contain two different pools of follicles, the non-growing pool and the growing pool. Entry of primordial follicles into the growth phase occurs throughout the reproductive life. Once follicles are recruited to grow, they are destined to undergo atresia or ovulation. Growth of obligatory gonadotropin-dependent follicles occurs in a wave like pattern. The growth waves are characterised by the processes of recruitment, selection and dominance. The known mechanisms responsible for these three processes are discussed.